A Look Into PepsiCo

PepsiCo HQ - Purchase, Harrison, New York, United States.

PepsiCo is not only a world leader in the soft drinks industry. This company is also a major player in the snack food industry, ranking second after Nestle.

PepsiCo started with one man (Caleb Bradham), one shop (a pharmacy), and one product (Brad’s Drink).

Today, the company sells 32 different carbonated and non-carbonated drinks and owns more than 15 world-renowned snack food brands.

The History of PepsiCo

Behind PepsiCo’s 129-year journey in business lies a fascinating story of triumph and failure, a rivalry with Coca-Cola, and creative advertising tactics.

Here is the story of a company that has forever been poking at its biggest rival, Coca-Cola.

Humble Beginnings

The tale of PepsiCo begins at a pharmacy in New Bern, North Carolina. Caleb Bradham owned this pharmacy, where he sold pharmaceutical drugs and a beverage called Brad’s Drink, served at the store’s soda fountain.

Customers loved to meet and socialize at the soda fountain as they drank Brad’s Drink, which Bradham advertised as a digestive aid.

Bradham created this drink himself, using ingredients like sugar, lemon oil, caramel, African kola nut, carbonated water, and other additives.

As more and more customers in North Carolina learned about Brad’s Drink, Bradham decided to give it a crispier name, Pepsi-Cola.

He also turned this product into a beverage business by distributing the syrup to other stores. Bradham instructed the store owners to add carbonated water to make the drink complete and ready for consumption.

Transitioning Fully to Pepsi-Cola

At his pharmacy, Bradham bottled, sold, and distributed Pepsi-Cola himself.

He did so for four years, until 1902 when he officially incorporated the Pepsi-Cola Company. A year later, Bradham trademarked the Pepsi-Cola name and patented his cola recipe.

He closed his pharmacy to focus wholly on processing, bottling, selling, and distributing the drink.

Bradham’s decision to franchise enabled him to expand to other states within North America.

He founded two bottling franchises that acquired the rights to bottle and sell Pepsi-Cola. By 1910, Pepsi-Cola had 250 bottling franchises across the United States.


After many years of success, the Pepsi-Cola Company faced its first significant setback that led to its demise. In 1914, after the start of World War I, the price of sugar skyrocketed due to rationing and limited supply.

Sugar is one of the main ingredients in Pepsi-Cola. Its high cost and scarcity affected the company’s operations to the point where the Pepsi-Cola Company could not pay its debts and expenses.

The Pepsi-Cola company declared bankruptcy in 1923. Bradham sold the rights to the Pepsi-Cola formula and reopened his drugstore.

Changing Ownership

Over the next decade, Pepsi-Cola’s ownership changed hands a few times before finally resting in the hands of Charles G. Guth.

Guth owned a fountain store company called Loft Candy Co., where he sold Coca-Cola, among other products. He switched to Pepsi after the Coca-Cola Company refused to supply him with large amounts of syrup to sell at his store.

Guth reformulated Pepsi-Cola and sold it for 5 cents per 12-ounce bottle. This amount was equivalent to the price of a 6-ounce Coca-Cola bottle.

The discounted price appealed to many Americans who were already enduring the Great Depression. Pepsi-Cola experienced steady growth thanks to creative marketing tactics and good management.

By 1960, the company reached annual profits amounting to $14.2 million.

The Pepsi Generation

In 1959, Pepsi-Cola ushered in a new president, Donald M. Kendall. Kendall is famous for making operational changes in five key areas: advertising, launching new soft drink brands, international expansion, creative packaging, and product line expansion.

In 1963, he led Pepsi-Cola to target the growing baby boomer generation.

Using advertising slogans such as “Come Alive! You’re in the Pepsi Generation” and “You’ve got a lot to live, Pepsi’s got a lot to give,” Kendall made the Pepsi brand youthful, energetic, and a favorite among the boomers.

However, the company was still trailing behind its rival, Coca-Cola.

The Merge With Frito-Lay

Kendall’s strategy for competing with Coca-Cola was to expand Pepsi-Cola’s product line beyond soft drinks.

In 1964, he led the acquisition of the Mountain Dew brand from the Hartman Beverage Company in Knoxville.

A year later, Pepsi-Cola merged with Frito-Lay, the leading manufacturer of snacks in the United States.

The Frito-Lay merger brought four world-renowned snack food brands (Lay’s, Cheetos, Ruffles, and Rold Gold) under Pepsi-Cola’s wing.

After the merger, Pepsi-Cola changed its name to PepsiCo and launched the Doritos brand.

Cola Wars

By 1980, PepsiCo had become a significant player in the soft beverage and snack food industry.

The company also ventured into the fast-food sector by acquiring three restaurant chains: Taco Bell, Pizza Hut, and Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC). PepsiCo also became the first soft drink company to expand into the USSR.

However, the company was still behind Coke in sales and market share.

In 1985, Pepsi enjoyed a temporary three-month lead over Coke when the Coca-Cola Company introduced the New Coke syrup to replace the old one.

This move did not sit well with customers, who preferred the old to the new. They switched to Pepsi, demanding Coca-Cola to revert to the old Coke syrup. Coca-Cola restored its former formula after three months.

The 1990s

Throughout the 1990s, PepsiCo expanded its product line through strategic acquisitions and new product launches.

The company had become aware of American consumers’ changing eating habits and worked on meeting their needs. People were more conscious of what they were consuming, opting for healthier drink alternatives such as water and juice.

Therefore, in 1997, PepsiCo introduced the Aquafina bottled water brand and acquired Tropicana and South Beach Beverage Company, which processed SoBe juice blends.

PepsiCo also, in 2001, purchased the Quaker Oats company, which owned the Quaker Oats and Gatorade brands.

In the late 1990s, PepsiCo exited the fast-food industry by spinning off its three restaurant chains (Taco Bell, KFC, and Pizza Hut).

The chains didn’t contribute much to PepsiCo’s revenue stream. PepsiCo, in October 1997, organized the spinoff of the three chains into a separate company called Tricon Global Restaurants.

Pepsi Today

Today, PepsiCo is one of the largest snack and beverage companies globally. The company’s growth and diversification are beyond what Bradham could have imagined.

In 2009, PepsiCo acquired two of its largest bottling franchises in North America. This acquisition ushered in a new subsidiary, Pepsi Beverages Company, under the PepsiCo umbrella.

As of 2021, PepsiCo owned 23 snack and soft drink brands. The company’s net annual revenues amount to $70 billion.

Timeline.PepsiCo Company Timeline


Caleb Bradham develops a soft drink and sells it at his drugstore.


Caleb Bradham introduces the name Pepsi-Cola for his cola drink.


Bradham incorporates the Pepsi-Cola Company.


Bradham trademarks the Pepsi-Cola name and patents the company’s cola recipe.


Bradham establishes the first bottling franchise for his company.


There are 240 Pepsi-Cola bottling franchises in more than 24 states in the United States.


Pepsi-Cola faces its first setback after the onset of World War I.


Pepsi-Cola goes bankrupt.


Caleb Bradham sells the Pepsi-Cola formula to Craven Holding Corporation.


Pepsi-Cola gets acquired by Charles G. Guth through his company, Loft Candy Co.


The Pepsi-Cola Company ushers in a new president, Donald Kendall.


Pepsi-Cola changes its advertising strategy to target the rapidly growing baby boomers generation.


The Pepsi-Cola Company acquires the Mountain Dew brand.


The Pepsi-Cola Company merges with Frito-Lay and becomes PepsiCo.


PepsiCo acquires Pizza Hut.


PepsiCo acquires Taco Bell.


PepsiCo acquires KFC.


PepsiCo launches the Aquafina bottled water brand and spins off its three restaurant chains into a separate company.


PepsiCo acquires Tropicana and South Beach Beverage Company.


PepsiCo acquires the Quaker Oats Company.


Pepsi purchases two of its largest bottling companies in North America.


PepsiCo enters the dairy sector through a joint venture with the Theo Muller Group.


PepsiCo acquires Bare Foods and SodaStream.


PepsiCo exits the Indonesian market and acquires BFY Brands.


PepsiCo acquires Rockstar Energy for $3.85 billion.


PepsiCo announces its plan to sell its controlling interest in Tropicana and other juice brands for $3.3 billion.

More About PepsiCo

There is a lot of information about PepsiCo Online.

However, for your convenience, we have links to search results that will allow you to gain information beyond the scope of this post.

You can access the most recent and prominent information whenever you use this page.


  • PepsiCo ranks second after Nestle in the snack food industry.
  • PepsiCo started out as Brad’s Drink.
  • There are 32 carbonated and non-carbonated drinks available at PepsiCo.
  • PepsiCo owned 23 snack and soft drink brands as of 2021.
  • In 1923, Pepsi-Cola declared bankruptcy.
  • Previously, PepsiCo owned three restaurant chains: Taco Bell, Pizza Hut, and Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC).
  • Globally, PepsiCo is one of the largest snack and beverage companies.
  • Approximately $70 billion is PesiCo’s net annual revenue.
  • PepsiCo was the first soft beverage company to sell its cola drink in 2-liter polyethylene terephthalate bottles. This bottle was developed in 1970 by Nathaniel Wyeth, and it has now become the standard for takeaway soft drinks.
  • PepsiCo was the first company to advertise its products through skywriting in the 1930s.
  • PepsiCo owns almost 500 patents. The company even has a patent for a tennis racket invented in the 1970s.
  • PepsiCo has changed its logo 11 times over its 129-year tenure.

PepsiCo Executive Team

A company’s leadership team is a strong factor in whether the company succeeds.

With a company like PepsiCo, the leadership changes because the company has been in business for over 100 years.

However, once a solid foundation exists, new leaders stick to the company’s core values, while testing and introducing new products and services is a common practice for large corporations.

The success or failure of a company is usually attributed to the leadership team.

But, of course, some problems are beyond their control. Of course, problems exist in all companies, but how the leadership team deals with each issue makes a difference.

If you’re interested in more information about the leadership of PepsiCo, see the search results below to find current and archived information.

Search Results – PepsiCo Executive Team.

Economic Impact

There is no doubt that large companies impact the economy in some way. For example, globally, one billion people consume Pepsi products every day.

See the link below for all the publications on PepsiCo’s economic impact.

Search Results – PepsiCo’s Economic Impact.


Some problems are common to all companies, but the larger the company, the more problems will arise.

For example, in addition to its products being perceived as unhealthy, Pepsi faces strong competition from Coca-Cola.

The following link provides more information about the problems PepsiCo Faced.

PepsiCo Problems.

Success Factors

Being one of the most successful brands in the world, Pepsi is considered a successful company.

Over the years, many stepping stones have been involved in achieving success.

The success of Pepsi can be attributed to several factors, including cost leadership and brand loyalty.

View the analysis and information from the link below if you are interested in all factors.

Search Results – PepsiCo Success.

Lessons Learned

Whether it’s curiosity or you are interested in improving your knowledge.

Lessons learned from companies, or people who have experienced long-term success are beneficial practices. You can apply them in similar situations when an opportunity presents itself.

See the link below to view lessons you can take from the success of Pepsi.

Search Results – Lessons learned from PepsiCo.

Working At Pepsi

Employee reviews indicate whether the company’s workforce deals with a positive or negative environment.

For example, a company with a leadership team in touch with its workforce usually has a positive atmosphere.

Conversely, an organization can have a negative work environment if the management team is out of touch with the employees.

You can access the search results from the link below for employee reviews about working at PepsiCo.

Naturally, you can’t make every employee happy, and some employees won’t be happy wherever they work, but looking at the majority of the reviews will indicate how well the company’s leadership understands its employees.

Search Results – Working at PepsiCo.

Complaints and Lawsuits

Complaints and lawsuits can be common among large corporations. However, many legitimate ones indicate a problem with the management team.

You can see the link below to get the latest search results related to complaints and lawsuits about PepsiCo.

Complaints and Lawsuits related to PepsiCo.

Company Profile

You can find information about PepsiCo’s performance, how strong the company is, and predictions about what the company will do in the future by clicking on the link below.

You will find information about the company and its leadership and predictions about where it is heading.

PepsiCo Profile.


Another way to learn more about PepsiCo is to view publications that detail the company and leadership.

Some of the books available include:

  • Coke Vs. Pepsi: The Cola Wars (Versus) by Kenny Abdo
  • Pepsi: 100 Years. Hardcover by Bob Stoddard
  • The Encyclopedia of Pepsi-Cola Collectibles Hardcover by Bob Stoddard

The link below offers the latest publications available.

View the most recent books related to PepsiCo on Amazon.


Visiting a site like Google News is another source of information you can use to see what the media is covering related to PepsiCo.

You’ll have access to the latest and archived information, and you can even set up an alert to keep up-to-date with any new information published by the media.

See Google’s News search results related to PepsiCo.


YouTube is an excellent source of information to learn more about PepsiCo and its products and services.

One of the features of YouTube is that related videos will be displayed on your screen as you are watching. These can lead to valuable information because you may not have considered those topics.

o it’s worth spending a few extra minutes expanding your knowledge.

YouTube Videos About PepsiCo