The Time Management Matrix

clocks next to a time management matrix.

About the Time Management Matrix

Have you ever been so busy at work that you don’t know which tasks to start with and which to perform later? Or maybe you’ve had one of those days where everything seems like it’s demanding your attention. How do you distinguish between what’s urgent and what’s essential? How do you decide which task to do and which one not to do? This is where the time management matrix comes in.

If you’ve read the famous book “The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People” by Stephen Covey, you may have come across a concept known as the time management matrix. This concept teaches you how to sort things in your personal and work life based on urgency and importance. It teaches you how to manage your time to ensure you prioritize the things that matter and eliminate those that don’t.

This post will discuss the time management matrix in detail. You will learn what it is, how it works, and a few examples of where it applies.

Time Management Matrix: What It Is and How It Works

The time management matrix is a management tool that helps you prioritize and organize your time. Popularized by the late Stephen Covey, this strategy helps you manage tasks and commitments at work and in your personal life. It bases its idea on two parameters: urgent and important. An urgent task is one that calls for immediate attention. An important task contributes to your personal life or work’s goal, mission, and values.

A black report cover.

Using these two parameters, the time management matrix helps you prioritize and categorize your tasks and commitments. It divides and classifies them into four quadrants.

What’s the Difference Between Eisenhower’s and Covey’s Matrix?

There really isn’t any difference between the Eisenhower Matrix and the time management matrix developed by the late Stephen Covey. They both base their premise on the parameters of urgency and importance. They both also consist of the four quadrants for classifying commitments. In fact, Stephen Covey developed the time management matrix from the insights of President Eisenhower’s matrix.

The Parts of the Time Management Matrix

The time management matrix classifies tasks and commitments into four boxes or quadrants. Let’s uncover each quadrant in detail.

the time management matrix.

Quadrant 1: Urgent and Important

Quadrant 1 is located at the upper left of the time management matrix, and it is for tasks that rank highly in terms of urgency and importance. These tasks call for immediate attention or action, and their accomplishment is essential to fulfilling one’s goals, mission, or values.

The tasks that fall in this quadrant are, in most cases, problems, emergencies, crises, or those with a tight deadline. They also tend to be short-term and cannot be compromised. Compromising or failing to commit to these tasks can lead to issues in the future, like not submitting an assignment on time and dissatisfied customers.

The best way to accomplish tasks in Quadrant 1 is to not wait until the last minute. Plan and try not to procrastinate. Learn to leave time in your schedule for anything unexpected or unplanned. Also, don’t be afraid to reschedule or drop other commitments once an emergency occurs.

Spending time on performing Quadrant 1 tasks is unavoidable. However, you can reduce it by preventing the occurrence of an emergency. Even though you can’t avoid all crises, you can prevent some of them, such as the breakdown of a machine on a factory floor, by ensuring its proper operation and creating a preventative maintenance schedule.

Quadrant 2: Not Urgent but Important

The tasks in Quadrant 2 are important but not urgent. They don’t require your immediate attention, but you still need to do them to achieve your short or long-term goals. This quadrant is at the upper right corner of the time management matrix.

The commitments in Quadrant 2, in many instances, have an extended deadline or none at all. They focus on relationship building, personal growth, recreation, financial planning, among other long-term goals. You don’t have to do these tasks immediately, but you can’t neglect them, either. Neglecting these tasks will lead to you not achieving your goals in the future. It may also result in them becoming urgent and thus moving to Quadrant 1.

For example, assume you have a three-month project at work or school. Being three months, it doesn’t seem urgent. However, if you fail to do the project in the first two months, it will quickly become urgent since you will end up with a tight deadline. Your goal in this quadrant should be to plan and not procrastinate.

Quadrant 3: Urgent but Not Important

Quadrant 3 is for urgent but non-important tasks. You will find this quadrant at the bottom left side of the time management matrix. The commitments in Quadrant 3 call for immediate action, but their accomplishments will not help you achieve your personal and work goals.

In most cases, the tasks in Quadrant 3 are not part of your daily schedule. They usually arise out of thin air as interruptions and demand your immediate attention. Plus, since they have the urgency label on them, you may end up prioritizing these tasks over those in Quadrant 2. Remember: they may be urgent, but they are not important.

To accomplish these tasks, you may either delegate or allocate a few hours from your schedule to perform them. Delegating will free up your time and allow you to focus on more urgent and important matters.

Quadrant 4: Not Urgent and Not Important

The tasks in Quadrant 4 are neither urgent nor important. They don’t require instant action, and performing them will not help you achieve your goals, whether short or long-term ones. Think of these tasks as distractions or time-wasters.

The best way to perform these tasks is by allocating them extra time after you accomplish all your other commitments or don’t do them at all. You won’t lose anything by not committing to this quadrant.

Time Management Matrix Examples

The way you allocate tasks in your time management matrix will not be the same as how someone else classifies theirs. It is unique to you. A great way to distribute the tasks is to ask yourself these two questions:

  1. Does this task require immediate action or attention?
  2. Does the task align with the life I want to create or the goal I’m trying to achieve?

Here are a few examples to give you an idea of how to allocate tasks in your matrix. We will highlight a few examples for each quadrant.

Quadrant 1: Urgent and Important

  • Work or school projects with a tight deadline
  • Home emergencies; a family member who is sick or got into an accident
  • Customer complaints
  • A crisis at work or your personal life

Quadrant 2: Not Urgent but Important

  • Exercising, meditating, and going to the gym
  • Having a financial savings plan
  • Employee training and coaching
  • Long-term projects and assignments at school or work

Quadrant 3: Urgent but Not Important

  • Attending to other people’s urgent favors and requests
  • Responding to certain phone calls and emails
  • Some work meetings

Quadrant 4: Not Urgent and Not Important

  • Extensive TV Watching
  • Perusing social media
  • Surfing the internet with no important end goal

For more examples set the latest Google search results for examples related to the Time Management Matrix.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Who should use a time management matrix?

In most cases, this strategy is used by managers and associates in business, as well as individuals who desire to use their time better. Students can also use it in planning their studies and assignments.

2. Why is time management so important?

Time management enables you to deliver your tasks and assignments on time. It allows you to prioritize the essential matters and eliminate the non-essential ones and time-wasters from your life.

Time management also improves productivity and efficiency in everything you do. It reduces the stress and anxiety of accomplishing everything on your task list and prevents procrastination.

3. Who introduced the time management matrix?

The time management matrix was initially introduced by President Dwight Eisenhower during his time in the White House. Stephen Covey popularized it in his book, “The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People.”


If you want to lead a more productive life, you need to manage your time well. Time management helps you accomplish urgent and important commitments and get rid of the non-essential ones. Try using the time management matrix to distinguish between urgent and important tasks from the rest.

The time management matrix consists of four quadrants that classify tasks based on urgency and importance. How you allocate tasks and commitments is totally up to you. It depends on your priorities and what life throws at you.


Below you’ll find a few resources that might come in handy to help you explore more about the time management matrix. Many of the links lead to search results; therefore, you’ll get the latest and most popular information available.


Books are another excellent way to expand your knowledge into the time management matrix. Keep in mind you don’t have to read the book from cover to cover. Instead, you can look through the table of contents and skip to the chapter that interest you.

View the most recent Google search results books related to the time management matrix.

View the most recent books related to the time management matrix on Amazon.


If you want to expand your knowledge of time management, why not consider taking a course that will improve your knowledge and skills. Many courses allow you to learn at your own speed and go over any material a second and third time if you want. Take some time to view the courses available.

Before purchasing any course, I suggest that you do a little bit of research and find out what others have experienced. You can also research the author to view their qualifications.

Google’s search results for time management courses.


The news is another excellent way to keep up to date with any topic. One of the quickest ways to do so is to use a site like Google news, type in your keyword, and get instant results of current and archive stories covered by the media related to your search query.

See Google’s news search results related to the time management matrix.


Videos are a great tool for visual learners. I enjoy watching videos to expand my knowledge on many topics. One feature I like about YouTube is when you type in your search query, you’ll get a list of the most popular and recent videos. Still, you’ll also get related topics on the sidebar, and those topics can be ones that you haven’t considered before. From the related videos, I always find one or two that turn out to be very interesting.

See the most recent videos related to the time management matrix.

A black report cover.